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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Daouda Ali <>
Date: Thu, 13 Aug 2020 11:01:15 +0000

It’s my pleasure to contact you through this media because I need an
investment assistance in your country. However I have a profitable
investment proposal with good interest to share with you, amounted
the sum of (Twenty Eight Million Four Hundred Thousand United State
Dollar ($28.400.000.00). If you are willing to handle this project
kindly reply urgent to enable me provide you more information about
the investment funds and the project.

I am waiting to hear from you through this my private
email( so we can proceed further.

Best Regards.
Mr. Daouda Ali.

Anti-fraud resources: