fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "remain blessed" (scammers in West Africa like to use religious phrases)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Aliya Abdurhaman" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 23 Aug 2020 22:21:30 +0100
Subject: Mrs. Aliya Abdurhaman
Dear Beloved one,
Good day, My name is Mrs. Aliya Abdurhaman a nationality of Kuwait. I am ma=
rried to late Dr. Mahmud Aliya Abdurhaman who worked with Kuwait embassy in=
India for nine years before he died in the year October 2015. We were marr=
ied for twenty years without no child. He died after an illness that lasted=
for long four days. Before his death we were both a good Muslim.My late hu=
sband before he died deposited investment fund with the Reserve Bank of In=
dia. I have been diagnose with Esophageal cancer and also tested positive o=
f Corona Virus and right now I am receiving treatment in London hospital UK=
.I am seeking for your honest assistance to transfer this money to your acc=
ount to support and donation to help the orphanage,helpless poor children w=
ho is suffering from this deadly Corona Virus Pandemic without any good med=
ical treatment.I will also register your name and introduce you to the bank=
that will make you as the new beneficiary of this money so that the bank w=
ill recognize you and advise you what to do for the successful transfer of =
this money to your account as soon as possible before I die. =
Please do contact me on my email for more details.
I wait your reply
Yours Mrs. Aliya Abdurhaman