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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Benson Dadah <>
Date: Mon, 24 Aug 2020 19:53:29 +0100
Subject: Dear friend!

Dear friend!

My name is Barrister Benson Dadah, from Lome Togo, I contact you about
my deceased client who was a citizen of your country, died with his
family in a car accident here in Togo, without leaving his family, and
he left a missed total of 11.5 million U.S. dollars in a bank without
leaving the immediate family, so I want to present you to the paying
bank as the rightful beneficiary of all seeds to allow the payment
bank to exempt the inactive beneficiary fund. Please contact get back
to me for more details and guide line.

Barrister Benson Dadah,

Anti-fraud resources: