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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Morgan" <>
Date: Sat, 29 Aug 2020 15:16:49 -0700
Subject: Loan

Personal and Investment Loan offer

I am a private lender,I can help you with the loan you need at a low interest rate of 3%,Do you need to pay your bills or do you need an investment loan?This is the right place to get the financial help you need,We offer a minimum of $5000.00 USD to a maximum of $50,000,000.00 USD.

Please contact for more information on this private

Kind regards

Mr.John Morgan

Anti-fraud resources: