fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "abidjan" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a orphan scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Janet Amah <email@example.com>
Date: Tue, 8 Sep 2020 15:28:47 +0200
Subject: From Janet Amah Business Proposal
From Janet Amah Business Proposal
Greetings From Janet Amah,
With all due respect, I want you to read my letter with one mind and help
me. I am Janet Amah, The only Daughter of late Mr. and Mrs. James Amah,
My Father was the Chief accountant of Sierra Leone Gold & diamond Mining
Corporation during our 8 years civil War before he was poisoned to death by
his business associates on one of their outing to discuss on a business
When my mother died when she was given birth to me, my father took me so
special because I am motherless. Before the death of my late father on 22nd
June 2015 in a private hospital here in Abidjan Ivory Coast. He secretly
called me on his bedside and told me that he has a sum of 12.5 million
United States dollars left in a suspense account in a local bank here in
Abidjan Ivory Coast that he used my name as his only daughter for the next
of kin in deposit of the fund.
He also explained to me that it was because of this wealth that he was
poisoned by his business associates that I should seek for a foreign
partner in a country of my choice where I will transfer this money and use
it for investment purpose, such real estate agent,
I am honorably seeking your assistance in the following ways.
1) To provide any bank account where this money would be transferred into.
2) To serve as the guardian of this fund.
3) To make arrangement for me to come over to your country to further my
education and to secure a residential permit for me in your country.
Moreover, I am willing to offer you 30 percent of the total sum as
compensation for your effort input after the successful transfer of this
fund to your nominated account.I want you to help me not because of the 30
percent I want to offer you but to take me as your adoptive child and take
good care of my life.
Please save my life.
Hope to hear from you immediately for more details for you to receive the
Thanks and God Bless.