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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Janet Ume" <>
Date: Mon, 28 Sep 2020 00:19:26 -0700
Subject: Attention Dear Beneficiary:

Congratulations, Your fund has been legally approved for immediate transfer to you.
This development is as a result of the recent order from the I.M.F which mandated
all countries to release beneficiary Funds and assets diverted and illegally held in
offshore Banks.The sum of $2.8M has been legally approved to be transferred to you
through MoneyGram.

Reconfirm the below details to the money gram office for verification
and start receiving your approved fund payments today.
Total Fund----- $2.8million (USD). Daily Transfer ----- $5000

Reconfirm; Your Full name_______ Your City________
Your address______Direct phone number__
Your ID or passport. (Optional)____

Contact Agent: MR. EDWIN IDEH
Tell: (+)254770443190

You are required to pay for your file Processing/activation fee only to
the MoneyGram department, confirm the cost from the MONEY GRAM OFFICE.

Mrs. Janet Ume
Minister for Finance Office
Nairobi, Kenya Rep.

Anti-fraud resources: