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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mariana <>
Date: Mon, 28 Sep 2020 19:19:18 +0800
Subject: Accept my respectful greetings in the name of our God

Hello My name is Mariana Tinirau I live in Benin under the status of a
refugee Gabonaise.My father deposited the sum of Eight hundred fifty
thousand American dollars ($ 850,000) as legacy that is in a leading
bank in Africa. I agree to provide 20% of the sum of your desire to help
and 10% for any expenses you may incur for help me transfer this money
to another country. Please answer me as soon as you receive this mail
for details . Miss Mariana Tinirau

Anti-fraud resources: