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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "INFO" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 7 Sep 2020 05:50:29 -0700
Subject: INFO

My Beloved
I am Mrs. Abigail Johnson, undergoing medical treatment in Bakoulev Center for Cardiovascular Surgery Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Russia, and my husband died in a car accident, we were married without any child. When my late husband was alive he deposited a huge amount of money with a bank in Benin Republic, which was derived from his Palm Oil and Cocoa plantation farm. 
I want an individual that will use this to fund and provide succor to the poor in society since I am a cancer woman and about to die.
Please reply back to me for more details.
Mrs. Abigail Johnson.

Anti-fraud resources: