fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "economic and financial crime commission" (This name is often mentioned in money recovery scams (re-scam): the real EFCC does not contact victims to offer to get their money back because that is near impossible. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Rajasthan Jaipur" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 6 Oct 2020 14:05:50 -0700
Subject: VERY URGENT
I wish to use this medium to inform you that your compensation payment of USD$18,500,000.00 (Eighteen Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) bank of india have been approved for onward transfer to you via an ATM DEBIT CARD which you will use to withdraw all the USD$18,500,000.00 in any ATM SERVICE MACHINE in any part of the world, but the maximum you can withdraw in a day is USD$10,000.00 Only.
In regards to the recent meeting between the bank of India and the Present United Kingdom Government to restore the dignity and Economy of the Nations, Base on the Agreement with the International Monetary Funds Assistance to help and make the world a better place for all with the sole aim of abolishing poverty. We have been having a meeting for the passed 5 months which ended 2 days ago. The National Central Bureau of Interpol enhanced by the Government of United Kingdom and Federal Bureau of Investigation have successfully passed a mandate to the Government of India to boost the exercise of clearing all foreign debts owed to Foreigners and Compensate all that have lost their hard earned money to the India Fraudsters.
This email is to all the people that have had an unfinished transaction in any part of the world, the bank of India have agreed to compensate them with the sum of USD$18,500,000.00 (Eighteen Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) This includes every foreign contractors that may have not received their contract sum, and people that have had an unfinished transaction or international businesses that failed due to Government problems, Contracts Sum, Lottery/Gambling etc. Your name and email was in the list Submitted by our Monitoring Teams of Economic and Financial Crime Commission (Interpol Police), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Observers and this is why we are contacting you, this have been agreed upon and have been signed.
You are advised to acknowledge this message. This funds has been credited in ATM CARD for security purpose ok? So we shall send it to you by DHL delivery Company, UPS, FedEx or by any means of your choice and you can withdraw in any ATM Cash Point Machine Worldwide at the daily limit of $10,000 usd. Acknowledge this message immediately for your ATM VISA CARD Delivery with the following information.
1. Full name:
2. Phone number:
3. Home address for the Delivery:
4. Date of Birth:
5. Your Occupation:
6. A copy of your driving license:
We are very sorry for the plight you have gone through in the past years. Thanks for adhering to this instruction and once again accept our congratulations.
bank of India