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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David Thompson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 6 Oct 2020 17:31:28 -0700
Subject: Hello


My name is Sgt. David Thompson, a former member of the 3rd Infantry Division of the United States Army deployed to Iraq during the War 12-13 years ago, Now serving with the United States Special Forces West Africa. Based on my request, i will like you to please read the following BBC news article.

I am one of the soldiers in the news above that found all the barrels containing the money and i have a very good business proposal for you, if you are interested you will make 3 Million Dollars in few days without spending a dime of your money and absolutely no risk involved.

With my international connections i have a very reliable way to ship two boxes containing the total of Fifteen Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars(US$15,500 Million) cash from Pakistan to any destination of my choice and with this opportunity all i need is someone capable with enough financial experience to receive the money and keep them safe till we meet in person in few months. All you have to do is receive the 15.5 Million Dollars, take out your 3 Million and keep the rest safe till i am able to meet you in Person. I have everything arranged and all i need is a safe place to keep my money till am back home,Due to the constant fighting in the region where the money has been stored for the past 15 years, it is very Urgent for me to move the money now and i am on active duty and cannot receive the money where i am. If you think you can handle this request discretely and professionally please get back to me so we can proceed in due time.

Waiting to hear from you.
Sgt. David Thompson

Anti-fraud resources: