fighting spam and scams on the Internet
Try our spam filter!
Free trial for 30 days

About Us

"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "JF Robert Legal Firm" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 6 Oct 2020 08:56:56 -0700

JF Robert Legal Firm
Hoston Texas
+ 1 915-229-3939

Dear Sir/ Madam

How are you doing today ? I hope this message meets you in a good condition. I am Barrister Alan Fletcher a legal practitioner with the above firm.

The reason why I have contacted you is because I need your maximum cooperation . My Client in person of Anthony M is dead , he died of COVID -19 on May 17th 2020 in New Jersey USA. He was a national of your country .
I want to present you as his next of kin . You will be presented as his beneficiary for the proceeds of the money he left behind .

I am a lawyer and I am assuring you that this transaction is legal and hitch free. I will be responsible to provide you with all relevant information and proof. Please kindly work with me as one.

Kindly send me your Name and telephone number. Kindly contact me via email ( )or whatsapp me on my + 1 915-229-3939. I sincerely await your urgent response.

Best regards
Alan Fletcher

Anti-fraud resources: