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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 07 Oct 2020 09:48:20 +0100
Subject: Dear Friend

Covid19 Relief Fund
How are you and your family? It has been brought to my knowledge that
you are yet to receive your ATM card containing my $1.5 million
donation due
to your inability to meet up with the financial requirement.

Reconfirm your delivery information to my secretary Pamela Bill
( and ask her to send the ATM card
containing the total of ($1,500.000.00 US DOLLARS ) to your preferred
address right-away. Inform her that I have pledged to help you with
50% of
whatever it would cost to finally get your ATM card to you.

Accept this gesture as my token of assistance to you and your loved
ones in these trying times of covid-19.
Contact Pamela Bill here:
Warm regards
Warren E Buffett

Anti-fraud resources: