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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Christopher
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 7 Oct 2020 15:37:09 +0400

26 Federal Plaza, 23rd Floor New York, NY 10278-0004.

We believe you received the previous message we sent to you prior to your dealings with the U.S Custom Authority at (JFK) John F. Kennedy International Airport New York as regards to your over-due contract payment in a consignment trunk box worth $20,000.000.00 (Twenty million dollars only) which was endorsed in your favor, like we stated earlier we have dully screened through this project as stipulated on our protocols of operation and have finally confirmed that your contract payment is 100% genuine and hitch free from all ilegal which you have the lawful right to claim your fund without any further delay.I, Mr Christopher. Director-FBI is hereby announcing to you that your $20Million was received at JFK airport since and every necessary fees/charges has been paid by government of country origin except $200.00 for Custom Clearance Certificate CCC, but a Lady Mrs Jane Frederick came forward claimed that you sent her to claim your $20Million as your next of kin/representative, is it true? Did you order her t

Yours in service,
US Department Of FBI.
Mr Christopher
Text SMS OR CALL (+1205 719 2771)

Anti-fraud resources: