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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mr Raymond Howard <>
Date: Wed, 07 Oct 2020 13:46:46 +0200
Subject: Re: Act Urgent .

Attn: Sir/Madam

I am Mr Raymond Howard from United Kingdom London, I was directed by
&Chase Bank of UK to pay the sum £2,500,000.00 to you as a compensation
fund due to many fund transactions you were engaged in the past, and you
have spent your hard earned money and finally did not receive the fund.

Kindly respond to this message in order to direct you on how to receive
fund by Bank Wire Transfer to any of your nominated bank accounts within
days without any further delay.

I look forward to receiving your urgent response in my below email
for a more full update of how you will receive your compensation fund.


Mr Raymond Howard
England United Kingdom

Anti-fraud resources: