fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "robert mugabe" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Angela Campbell" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 8 Oct 2020 14:42:14 -0700
Subject: Request!! .
I am sorry for interrupting your day, with due respect trust and humility, I write to you this proposal, which I believe would be of great interest to you. I am looking for a reliable and capable partner that will assist my family and I to transfer funds to his personal or company account for investment purposes because of my health..
I am Mrs. Angela Campbell, the wife of Late Mr. Mike Campbell, who was a Commercial Farmer and cocoa merchant in Bindura and Harare, the economic city of Zimbabwe.
My husband was among the people that were murdered in cold blood by the President Robert Mugabe Administration during the land dispute that just happened in Zimbabwe wholly affected the white farmers and this resulted to the killing and mob action by Zimbabwean war veterans and some lunatics in the society. In fact, a lot of people were killed because of this land reformed Act.
Please for further details, kindly email me with your direct contact informations to my private email address: firstname.lastname@example.org
Full Name:|Home Address|Telephone Number|Mobile Number|Date of Birth| Occupation:.
Please do notify me immediately you receive this proposal.
Thanks and God bless you
Mrs. Angela Campbell and (Family).