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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Andrew Clement <>
Date: Fri, 9 Oct 2020 17:03:15 +0100

Good day, I trust this email finds you well!! I am Andrew Clement. My
late client whose relatives I cannot get in touch with, But both of
you have the same last name and it will be easy to front you as his
official next of kin. I am compelled to do this because I would not
want the bank to confiscate my client funds into their treasury as
unclaimed inheritance. Your urgent response is needed for more
comprehensive details on what we are to do, Sincerely.

Anti-fraud resources: