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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Paul Alexander Esq <>
Date: Wed, 21 Oct 2020 04:38:57 +0000

Paul Alexander
Alexander & Associates,
Solicitors, Conveyancers & Notary Public
295 Metcalfe Street, Ottawa, ON K2P 1R9,
Direct Email:
Tel: + 1-424-652-8634, Canada.

Good Day,
You may be surprised to receive this letter from me since you do not know me personally; I am Paul Alexander, a South African living in Canada, a legal practitioner. I am making this contact with you based on my client's need for an individual who is willing to assist us with a solution to a money transfer. In unfolding this proposal, I want to count on you, as a respected and honest person to handle this transaction with sincerity, trust and confidentiality. I have decided to seek a confidential co-operation with you in the execution of the deal described hereunder for the benefit of all parties and hope you will keep it as a top secret because of the nature of the transaction.

My client is Safia, second wife of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, who is taking refuge here in Canada since the murder of her husband in 2011.Before her husband's death I assisted her to deposit Thirty Nine Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars [USD$39,500,000.00], gold and diamond with a security company for safekeeping in Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa as inheritance, since her husband had fortunes in South Africa. Read the link for more details the death of her husband she fled and came to Canada, where she and her three children are taking refuge. She now needs a reliable and trustworthy individual to repatriate the fortune anywhere abroad out of South Africa, where she will meet you for sharing and investing the money. I will go to South Africa to take care of all the legal procedures for I do not wish to contravene any law or indulge in any illegal activity. I have the authority of my client to discuss on the modalities of sharing with you. Your share of the entire sum will be 15%, then 80%for us and 5% for taxation and miscellaneous expenses. The business itself is 100% safe, on your part provided you treat it with utmost secrecy and confidentiality. Also, your area of specialization is not a hindrance to the successful execution of this transaction. I have reposed my confidence in you and hope that you will not disappoint me. I wait in anticipation of your fullest co-operation, with the below information:
Full Name: Country of origin:
Contact address: Telephone/Fax Number:
Age: Gender:
Occupation: Marital Status:

I am available on my confidential telephone/fax above to entertain any questions concerning the clarity of this transaction. Thank you in anticipation of your co-operation.
Best Regards,

Paul Alexander Esq
Copyright©2020 Alexander & Alexander Chambers

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