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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms. Kristalina Georgieva" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 29 Oct 2020 17:43:59 -0700
Subject: From Ms. Kristalina Georgieva [IMF]



We would like to bring to the notice of the general public that several variants of financial scam letters purporting to be sanctioned by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) or authored by high ranking IMF officials are currently in circulation, and may appear on official letterhead containing the IMF logo. The scam letters instruct potential victims to contact the IMF for issuance of a ìCertificate of International Capital Transferî or other forms of approval, to enable them receives large sums of monies as beneficiaries. The contact e-mail information is always BOGUS and unsuspecting individuals are then requested to send their personal banking details which the scammers utilize for their fraudulent activities.

Contrary to what is stated in these scam e-mails, letters, or phone conversations, the IMF does NOT authorize, verify, monitor, or assist in contract or inheritance payments between forth parties, nor does it endorse the activities of any bank, financial institution, or other public or private agency. For purposes of clarification, the IMF is an inter-governmental organization whose transactions and operations are carried out directly with its member countries.

If you have already received such e-mails, you are advised to terminate all further contacts with those scammers, and in the process that you have sent them money, you can contact Mr. Frank Daniel to assist you and have all complain forwarded to the EFCC in Nigeria for investigation and your refund of your funds.

We apologize for all losses and with the help of the Nigeria government, we where able to recover so much money from scammers, that is why we are compensating you with the token payment of $5,000,000.00 US dollars, from the Nigeria government/United nation, to receive this payment, you are advised to contact out IMF officer Mr.Frank Daniel. To assist you with the directions of your compensation payment to get to you.

Note: To receive your compensation payment, it would cost you just a $150 dollars for the setting up of an online banking account that needs to be setup to your name by an accounting officer from the government, to proceed, kindly contact our agent with your information needed below.

1. Full Name ..................................
2. Gender ................................
3. Residential Address .............................
4. Fax/ Phone Number ............................
5. Country ......................
6. Means of verification .................

kindly reconfirm the above information, it's for the benefit of your transaction.

Contact Name: Barrister Frank Daniel

Ms. Kristalina Georgieva
International Monetary Fund,
1900 Pennsylvania Ave NW,
Washington, DC, 20431

Anti-fraud resources: