fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
Date: Thu, 12 Nov 2020 21:20:01 +0100
Subject: DEAR SIR/MADAM
SUPPLY OF PRODUCT
We are Officials with the Federal Government of Nigeria.I have been
mandated to contact you in confidence and as a matter of urgency as The
Government want to embark on a supply of various Equipment for various
projects.So I was ask to contact you, for more info. on your products,
quotes, methods of payments and delivery, as regards to supplying this
However, you shall increase the prices of these products by 20% for me and
the other officials that know about this as we start the transaction in
earnest. The modalities of the supply of the products will be arranged
when you contact me.
If you are interested in this mutual benefit, please acknowledge
Director of supply
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