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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Edward Adamu" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 24 Dec 2020 05:38:44 -0800
Subject: Kindly get back to me.

Dear Beneficiary, Kindly reconfirm your information including your name,phone number and your address for verification and immediate payment of your unpaid Contract/inheritance/lottery fund within 24 hours.The amount approved is Ten Million Seven Hundred Thousand Dollars. Kindly respond urgently. Best Regards, Mr.Edward Adamu Deputy Governor(CBN)

Anti-fraud resources: