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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Frances Connolly " <"">
Date: Thu, 31 Dec 2020 14:15:20 +0100
Subject: Urgent

Compliment of the season!!

We have tried to email you severally , you have been chosen for our humanitarian project and will now get a donation of 1 million Euros . Get back to me at your earliest convenience if you receive this email for more details and processing of claims .

Your answer will save a soul in your neighborhood and let us make this world a better place.

Best Regards,
Mrs Frances Connolly

Anti-fraud resources: