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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Henrita Pieres <>
Date: Mon, 4 Jan 2021 23:16:32 +0000
Subject: Hello.


I am Mrs. Henrita Pieres 64 years old located in France.but baser in
Burkina Faso. Let me trust and believe you can handle this project...I
have been diagnosed with Esophageal cancer. i want to invest in
humanitarian & Charity in your country with sum of $4.5 Million. Reply
me for more details

Hope to hear from you soon.

Yours Faithfully,
Mrs. Henrita Pieres

Anti-fraud resources: