fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Tony Fisher <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 18 Feb 2021 20:51:39 +0000
Subject: Payment notice
RE: YOUR PERMANENT REDEMPTION FROM FRAUDSTERS
I am Tony Fisher,from the UK Debt Management Office (DMO) in London, United Kingdom. An organization jointly accredited by the Secretary General of the Commonwealth, the IMF and the UN General Assembly. Our purpose among other obligations is to investigate, verify and settle all outstanding debts owed to foreign contractors, borrowers, inheritance owners whose payment is overdue. I was directed by the UK Debt Management Office (DMO) in collaboration with IMF to pay the sum of $4,500,000.00 USD to you as a compensation fund due to many fund transactions you were engaged in the past and spent your hard earned money, efforts and finally did not receive the fund. Kindly respond to this message in order to direct you how you receive the fund by Bank Wire Transfer to any of your nominated bank account within 5 days without any further delay. Most importantly, you must be ready to follow all directives with utmost urgency. If you are receiving this notification for the first time, the $4,500,000.00 USD Only can only be paid upon the receipt of your beneficiary identification security transfer CODE, which is XO80140.UK/2021. Send it immediately to Him for instant accreditation of your fund.
Note, that you must reconfirm the following information to UK Debt Management Office (DMO).
1--Full names /Address
2--Valid Cell phone# which we'll submit to the paying bank for effectual transfer of the funds in your favor. The remittance of your fund $4,500,000.00 USD shall be smooth, fast and successfully concluded into your own nominated bank account.
NB. THIS TRANSACTION IS BEING MONITORED BY THE UK & UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IN ORDER TO GUARD US FROM INTERNET IMPOSTORS. FOR FASTER RESPONSE/ Always send me email to: firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
UK Debt Management Office (DMO)
11 Philpot Lane
London EC3M 8UD