fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million us dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Kimsan Yong" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 10 Mar 2021 01:10:37 +0100
Subject: Can I Trust You?
How are you and your family, I hope fine, and I hope the virus didn't affect you and your family too.
I contact you for a purpose. My name is kimsan yong, I'm a banker working with Cathay United Bank Cambodia. I speak English and I am
learning Korean and Czech language too and you ?.
The reason I contacted you is because one of my late customer has the same family name as yours. He died 8 years ago and left 10.7 million
US dollars in his account. Since no relatives have come to claim this money. I contacted you so
that you can stand to claim this money since you have the same family name together. I hope you understand.
We can discuss this transaction very well so i can direct you on what
next to do .. Contact email: email@example.com
Mr. Kimsan Yong