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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Walter Dennis <>
Date: Wed, 10 Mar 2021 02:05:04 -0500

My Dear friend

I am Walter Dennis from Lome-Togo, a solicitor at law, I am making
this proposal to you in respect to the death of my client who died as
a result of food poisoning, he left behind the sum of $14.5 Million
Dollars, Gold and Diamond, in a bank here. I seek your consent to
present you as the next of kin to my late client since you are a
foreigner the bank will transfer the money to you for our mutual

Please reply me for more details.

Walter Dennis Esq.

Anti-fraud resources: