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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Luis Perez Mendiola....." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 22 Mar 2021 07:58:52 -0700
Subject: Response.

Dear Partner,
Let me start by introducing myself properly to you, as it may have surprised you receiving this email from me, since there was no previous correspondence between us. My name is Luis Perez Mendiola, personal Lawyer to Late Claudia Ask.
The purpose of contacting you is for your assistance in securing the funds left behind by my deceased client and to avoid it being confiscated or declared unserviceable by the Bank where the funds was deposited by my client before her death from the deadly pandemic COVID-19.
If you are willing and interested, please contact me via email: Upon your response, I shall then provide you with more details that will help you understand this transaction better.
However, if this business proposal offends your moral ethics, do accept my sincere apology,but on the contrary you wish to achieve this goal with me, kindly get back to me with your interest for further explanations.
Yours Sincerely
Barrister. Luis Perez Mendiola.

Anti-fraud resources: