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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Brian Thomas Moynihan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 22 Mar 2021 10:28:36 -0700
Subject: Greetings from the Bank of America ( BOA ).

Bank of America Financial center Address: 1381 Weston Rd, Weston, FL 33326, United States Bank Telephone Number: +13312347273 Bank eMail: Dear Beneficiary, Greetings from the Bank of America ( BOA ). I have vital information which needs to be attended to immediately. Meanwhile, Did you authorize anyone to claim your inheritance fund in our office? Please note that Mr. Andrew Cox came to our office today in-respect of your $8.6 million USD dollars which has been credited with us for the past one year now by the U.S. federal government to be transferred into your account. He said that you authorized him to claim your fund as soon as possible so that's why we are contacting to inform you that Mr. Andrew Cox want to claim your fund $8.6 million USD dollars This fund has been in our custody for the past one year now and we have been waiting for you to contact us but we didn't know what is hindering you from reaching out to us since. So we decided to write to you to make sure that you are fine and aware of your inheritance fund of $8.6 million dollars in our office. Kindly get back to us with the following details: Full Name: Address: Country: Direct telephone number: Occupation: ID Card: These above listed details are needed as fast as possible if you didn't authorize anyone to claim your fund in our office. We have 3 means which you can use to receive your fund and you are to choose the suitable option for you. Here are the options: (1) Bank to Bank wire transfer: It will take only 24 hours for you to receive your fund into your preferred account. The cost of transfer charge is $550. (2) ATM Card delivery: It will take 48 hours for you to receive your ATM card with the $8.6 Million US Dollar into the card. The maximum amount you can withdraw daily is $5000. The delivery fee is $380. (3) Consignment box delivery: Your fund will be sealed in a box without anyone knowing what is inside it and it will be delivered to your house in cash. It will take 2 working days to be delivered to your house This will cost $320. The above mentioned options are the medium which you can use to receive your fund safely. Endeavor to get back to us as fast as you can with your details and suitable option if you didn't authorize anyone to claim your fund in our office. Your urgent attention is needed to enable us to proceed with the transaction as your fund is ready for delivery. Thank you. Brian Thomas Moynihan CEO of Bank of America

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