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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Derrick Carter" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 19 Mar 2021 14:05:39 +0100
Subject: CAN I TRUST YOU?..


I am with hope you are fine!. My name is Derrick Carter and I work with a Bank here in Cayman Island. I am contacting you for an important business proposition which I strongly believe will be of a greater benefit to both of us.

My late client, a National of your country has a huge deposit with our bank, here in Cayman Island. I will like to be assured that you can be trusted and I will not be disappointed going into business deal with you. You shall be furnished with details once your consent is received. You can reach me at this email address:

Looking forward to your earliest reply, Thanks.

Derrick Carter.

Anti-fraud resources: