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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Scott" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 24 Mar 2021 17:34:50 +0100
Subject: hello..

Attention: Sir/Madam,
After our board meeting with Nigeria and United Nation/United State
Government/European Parliament they instructed us to release your
Compensation Fun through or ATM Master Card or Bank to Bank Wire
Transfer immediately you provide your full information listed below.
1) Your Full Name???
2) Your Mobile Number and Fax??
3) Your Home address???
4) Your age and Occupation
I wait for your urgent respond for the claims of your fund.
All legal documents will be release to you before your US$50M will
be transfer into your bank account.
Thanks for your maximum co-operation.
Mark Scott
Department Of Treasury Direct-Account
United Nations Fund's Remittance

Anti-fraud resources: