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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 24 Mar 2021 16:00:58 -0500
Subject: Greetings to you

Dear Friend,
I'm Ozkan Sahin, a Senior Manager in the Private Banking department with
a REPUTABLE BANK. I'm excited to get in touch with you and to let you
know about this LUCRATIVE BUSINESS PROPOSAL I have for you. Please reply
as soon as possible if interested in the full details reply here

Since I cannot determine your willingness and because you may have
received my message in your Inbox, Junk/Spam folder, I have kept this
proposal brief. Your expedient response will be appreciated. Please keep
it confidential

Thanks for your kind understanding!
Awaiting your response,
Mr.Ozkan Sahin
Personal Banking

Anti-fraud resources: