fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "your urgent reply" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs. Evelyn Jaxon" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 24 Mar 2021 22:51:12 +0000
Subject: GREETINGS MY GOOD FRIEND
How are you doing? My good friend,
I'm Evelyn Jaxon, Please i want to donate a fund of $2.800,000 Million
Dollars through your help for charity homes which I inherited from my late
I have been sick with cancer of blood and I am writing to you from the
hospital where I have been receiving my treatment, My health is at risk
about what the doctor informed me and I am afraid I might lose this fund to
the wicked people because I don't have a child to inherit this fund.
I will appreciate your honesty and courage to handle this fund to help the
charity home as I expect your urgent reply for more details about this fund.
Mrs. Evelyn Jaxon