fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Paul Andasons" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 25 Mar 2021 01:09:56 -0700
Subject: Payment instruction,
We received an urgent payment instruction from the Debt Reconciliation Committee in conjunction with the International Monetary Fund IMF to credit your account with $1,000.000.00 ( One Million United States Dollars only, as an urgent poverty alleviation award to assist you on your current financial crises .
However one Mr. Chieu Phuong narrated to us that he is your family lawyer that you had auto accident which will not allow you to appear in person to claim your approved money . he claimed that you asked him to receive your money on your behalf with his personal bank account below .
Name Of Bank : CIMB BERHAD
Account Name : Chieu Phuong
Account Number : 7067741891.
Beneficiary's Address: Phileo I,E608 , Block E, Level 6,Unit 8, Jalan 16/11 Pusat Malaysia
Bank Address : A-1-G Block A no 72a Jalan Universiti Jaya One , 46200, petaling Jaya, Selangor
Swift Code : CIBBMYKLXXX.
Get back to me through this email address: email@example.com
Thanks as i anticipate your immediate reply .
Director ,Legal Operations CIMB Bank
Kuala Lumpur Malaysia .