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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: alenxander walkerUSA <>
Date: Thu, 25 Mar 2021 11:04:02 +0100
Subject: 1.000.000 Spende erwarten Sie


Mein Name ist Richard Wahl. 533 Millionen US-Dollar Powerball-Gewinner am
30. März 2018. Mein Jackpot war ein Geschenk Gottes an mich. Meine gesamte
Familie / Stiftung spendet 1,8 Millionen US-Dollar an Sie und Ihre Familie.
Bitte wenden Sie sich an für
detaillierte Informationen und bitte nehmen Sie dieses Symbol als Geschenk
Gottes an Ihre Familie an.


Schöne Grüße

Richard Wahl.
Power Ball Gewinner.
Richard Stahl Stiftung.

Anti-fraud resources: