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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "FEDERAL RESERVE BANK" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 25 Mar 2021 15:39:47 +0100

Federal Reserve Bank of New York
33 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10045

^What is going on and why havent we heard from you in regards to the said transaction of $22.5m allocated to you from the United Nations?
We have been waiting for you to send the requested funds transfer documents fee so that your funds of $22.5m can be released to you but till this moment never heard from you,kindly note that the appropriate authority have finally instructed that if the payment is not received the said funds should be canceled and reallocated to your representatives in according to the remittance policy of section 48 sub section 84.
So we advise you act fast and get the fee for the documents sent immediately,so that your funds can be processed and released to you.

Also reconfirm your contact details and telephone number.
Awaiting your response.

Scott Anderson
Senior Personal Assistance
Chairman Board of Governors,
Federal Reserve Bank

Anti-fraud resources: