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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mrs Deborah Johnson <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 3 Apr 2021 22:07:01 -0700
Subject: ATTN Beneficiary(COVID-19 pandemic Essential Worker Support Program (EWSP) WorldWide.



COVID-19 pandemic Essential Worker Support Program (EWSP) WorldWide.

The COVID-19 pandemic has placed particular demands on workers in certain sectors, including those on the front-line in hospitals, home care, foundations and nursing homes, those ensuring the integrity of the food supply, shelter or providing essential retail services to the less preveiledge and foundations.

The New found land and Labrador Essential Worker Support Program (EWSP) provides a temporary wage top-up to essential Managers and CEO of Charity homes and Foundations during Alert Level 4 and 5 of the COVID-19 pandemic.

NEW!! Applications for the EWSP have reopened and luckily you have just been selected to receive the maximum gross monthly income increased from $13,000 to $23,500. Increasing the maximum qualifying income threshold will provide financial support to additional essential workers ensuring the integrity of the food supply, shelter or providing essential retail services to the foundation during the pandemic.

This will allow:

Employers that did not previously apply on behalf of eligible essential workers to submit an application;
Employers that previously applied for essential workers can now reapply for those that earned a maximum gross monthly income up to $3,500; and Eligible essential workers can apply directly, if they meet the eligibility criteria and their employer does not apply on their behalf.

Deborah Johnson
Project Finance Office Head
(412) 428-0467

Anti-fraud resources: