fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: DHL SERVICE <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 4 Apr 2021 04:56:32 -0700
Subject: DHL Express Shipping
DHL Express Shipping
3 Governors road
Odalo Plaza Kings
bus stop Ikotun, 300001,
This is DHL International Delivery Company of Nigeria,We wish to
officially inform you that we received a package containing an ATM
CARD with your name valued $5 million USD to be delivered to your
residential address. It was brought to our notice yesterday morning
from International Monetary Fund Department (IMF). Kindly reconfirm
the below information properly to avoid any mistakes during delivery.
Parcel owner address....
We will register your package and send you the tracking number for
safety delivery of your package as soon as you reconfirm the required
information needed for safety delivery to your residential address in
DHL brand is known around the world. DHL takes protecting our
customers and their sensitive information serious, DHL is one of the
world's great success stories, the start-up that revolutionized the
delivery of packages and information in the past 30 years, we've grown
up and grown into a diverse family of companies as DHL that's bigger,
stronger, better than ever.
I will be looking forward to hearing from you within 48hours.
Get back to me with my direct Email address : email@example.com
Mr. George Ted
Dispatch Manager DHL Company