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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Jack P" <>
Date: Mon, 05 Apr 2021 06:50:35 -0700
Subject: Donation

Dear beneficiary,

I Jacqueline Mars authenticate this email. You have been enlisted to receive a cash grant of $2.8 Million USD from Mrs. Jacqueline Mars, founders of the American candy company Mars, you can read about her on: for details send her an email on
Jacqueline Mars - Wikipedia
Jacqueline Mars (born October 10, 1939) is an American heiress, and investor. She is the daughter of Audrey Ruth (Meyer) and Forrest Mars, Sr., and granddaughter of ...

Jack P. Martin
Jacqueline Mars Foundation

Anti-fraud resources: