fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Alfred Jake" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 26 Mar 2021 04:04:40 -0700
Subject: Establishment Ventures.
Good day, In my long years of work with top financial management companies in Europe, I presently a client who have funds to give out for investment either on equity or loan basis.
The areas to be considered for the investment are as follows Real estate, Oil & Gas, Agriculture, Health, Tourism, Construction, IT & Communications, Technology, Education, Energy, Engineering, Telecoms, Mining, Maritime, sustainable energy and host of other profitable ventures.
Intending beneficiaries must have a business plan and show their capability to manage huge funds. The beneficiary must be able to deliver good and sustainable returns on investment to the investor annually. If you are that person or establishment seeking to expand your existing business or you have new ideas waiting for implementation, the opportunity is here.