fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "IMF OFFICE" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 14 Apr 2021 14:52:02 +0300 (EEST)
Subject: IMF OFFICE
Good news to you,
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has issued the following
Memoranda which provide federal awarding agencies with options for
administrative relief to be used at the discretion of the federal
awarding agency in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Each waiver authority is optional, as such, HHS has provided specific
guidance to our awarding agencies for implementing these OMB delegated
waiver authorities, and grantees must contact their awarding agency for
specific guidance and/or reporting requirements on the implementation of
these waiver authorities. In response to the coronavirus pandemic, HHS is
awarding emergency grants and cooperative agreements funded under the
Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act,
The Administration of community Living (ACL) has converted your grants
into an ATM MASTER CARD that has been approved and deposited to the
FedEx delivery company this morning for registration. However the card
which is been giving as a means of consolation to all victims of scam and
the deadly virus (covid-19)which has affected the world economy is worth
about $4.5million usd only.
You are required to provide your details such as
current house address,
and full name.
for the full registration of your atm card with the FedEx delivery company
and immediate delivery to commence .
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
phone number: +1(314)492-7620