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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Patrick Kuiper <>
Date: Sat, 17 Apr 2021 15:51:51 +0200
Subject: Proposal

Dear .

I am Mr. Partrick Kuiper I work in a trusted Bank in Europe. Am sending this brief letter to solicit your

partnership to transfer $10.5 million US Dollars which was deposited as a fix deposit by our clients before is death in 2009 and coincidentally you happen to have the same surname, I will like you to stand as the next of kin to this fund .

I shall send you more information and procedures when I receive positive response from


Please response to my personal email:

Mr. Partrick Kuiper

Anti-fraud resources: