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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Abdul Saleh <>
Date: Sat, 17 Apr 2021 14:58:33 +0100
Subject: Dear Friend

Dear Friend, I am Agent Abdul Saleh (Shipping Agent). I would like to know
if you can stand as Next Of Kin and partner to a shipment of Gold Bars of
my late client estimated at 24 Million USD from being confiscated by the
Malaysia Treasury. You will be entitled to 50% of the shipment if you can
stand as Next Of Kin and partner. If interested Please ENSURE TO ONLY
contact me via for more info and send the following
details for easy and swift contact.

{1}Complete Legal Names:

{2}Telephone/Mobile Numbers for easy correspondence:

Abdul Saleh

Anti-fraud resources: