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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Hamza Yildirim <>
Date: 30 Apr 2021 18:50:11 +0200
Subject: RE: Fattura proforma-700004616 Proforma Invoice-700004616

Dear sir/madam,

Please kindly find the attached proforma invoice No ( 700004616)  for your reference. 

Kindly sign and stamp and send back to confirm.

Thank you~ Best Regards,

Hamza Yildirim

Sales & Marketing Manager

Tel: +90 (212) 295 1320

Whatsapp: +90 541 590 10 29

Fax: +90 (212) 295 8925


Anti-fraud resources: