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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Salif Musa <>
Date: Sat, 1 May 2021 13:38:49 +0000

Hi friend

I am a banker in ADB BANK. I want to transfer an abandoned sum of
USD15.6Million to your Bank account. 40/percent will be your share.

No risk involved but keeps it as secret. Contact me for more details.

I will also use my position and influence to effect legal approvals
for onward transfer of this money to your account with appropriate
clearance documents from the ministries and foreign exchange
department.But, only it will cost us small money as to procure such
back up documents from the ministries concerned
Please reply me through my alternative email id only (
for confidential reasons.

Dr Salif Musa

Anti-fraud resources: