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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Montreal Bank <>
Date: Mon, 3 May 2021 15:25:28 -0700
Subject: Bank of Montreal Today.

Official Notification from Bank Of Montreal.

Bank of Montreal Today.

The Board of Trustees and Management of this Bank of Montreal (Quebec)
wishes to officially inform you today about your Outstanding
Inheritance/compensation funds valued a total sum of Thirty Eight
Million United States Dollars, (US$38,000,000.00) in Fig. which was
officially handed over to this Bank of Montreal (Quebec Canada) in
your name today being 19th of February 2021 has been legally approved
and Signed by the United Nations Committee on Foreign Payment
Resolution in the present of the United States Ambassador, following
the payment release Order/Letter issued by the Canada's Deputy Prime
Minister and Minister of Finance "Honourable Chrystia Freeland''So
Therefore,the instructions from the above-mentioned authorities, we
have been authorized to transfer your total sum of$38,000,000.00
(Fig.) to you through our Bank by opening of a new account with our
bank in your name and provide the full access of the account to you as
the legal/bonafide owner of this funds.

We have made it our first point of call to settle all Outstanding
Payments accrued to Individuals or Corporations with respect to local
and overseas contract payment, Debt Rescheduling and Outstanding
Compensation payment as instructed by the United Nations. We have
perfected all modules on how to open a new account in your name
immediately you follow every given instructions that shall emanate
from this banking institution till the moment the account is
successfully created,

Kindly reconfirm below details so as to ensure no discrepancies in
your payment file and as also to avoid error in creating a new account
with the bank.

Full name:
Marital status:
Next of KIN:
Working Id/ intl Passport:

Once this details has been submitted to the bank, a new account will
be opened in your name and the total fund will be deposited and you
will be able to transfer the fund to any nominated bank of your choice
. For the successful of your transaction left a documentation to
acquired from supreme court, the bank will guard you on how to acquire
the form papers,

Thank you for your understanding.
Yours Faithfully,
Darryl White,
Chief Executive Officer of BMO,Bank of Montreal (Quebec,Canada)
Financial Group as well as its U.S. subsidiary, BMO Financial Corp.

Anti-fraud resources: