fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: office file <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 9 May 2021 20:08:43 +0100
Subject: Your ATM Debit Card!!
This to inform you about the discovered ATM Debit Card of $18.5Million
USD under your claim here in Fidelity Cash Management office, while
after the legal investigation we found out that it was deposited as
result of your unpaid compensation, and it's painful upon the
investigation that the depositor was late before now, meanwhile you're
here to Reply/contact this office on this E-mail:( firstname.lastname@example.org
),for more information in how this Card must reach you in peace for
your immediate use to cash out your fund at any Atm machine.
Please keep in record that the Card offers you a daily withdrawal
limit as programmed, also note a conclusion was made to confiscate
this Atm Card after 7days if there's no responds from you, and advice
to contact this office back with the reconfirm of your following
Full Name: -----------------
Phone No#: -----------------
Copy of your ID.
However note, this Atm card will need to be activate before to get the
access pin code, for the immediate use to cash out your funds daily
from any Atm machine.
Reply on this Email:(email@example.com), otherwise you may not get
responds back from this office