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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mary Josen <>
Date: Sun, 9 May 2021 17:22:08 -0400

Donation fund from Mrs Mary Josen
How are you doing today, I am Mrs Mary Josen from America, Please I have a
donation fund for you for a charity project. I am writing from the hospital
here in New York City, My doctor told me I have a serious sickness which is
Cancer problem, and knowing my condition I decided to donate my fund to you
because I have no child or wife. But i want you to use this fund to help
the Charity Organizations, Then take 30% out from the fund is for yourself
for the help and your honest for this project.
Please get back to me for more information.
Mrs Mary Josen

Anti-fraud resources: