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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. David Kojo" <>
Date: Mon, 10 May 2021 10:50:26 +0000
Subject: Hello!!

From Regional Manager

My Good Friend,

My name is Mr.David Kojo, I am a newly promoted Branch Manager of a Bank
here in Ghana, West Africa, I got your information during my search
through the Internet.It may interest you to hear that I am a man of
PEACE and don't want problems, I only hope we can assist each other. If
you don't want this business offer kindly forget it, as I will not
contact you again.I have packaged a financial transaction that will
benefit both of us, as the Branch Manager of the Bank, it is my duty to
send in a Financial. Report to my head office in the capital city of
Accra at the end of each year.

In the course of the last year 2020 end of the year report, I
discovered that my branch in which I am the Manager made excess profit
of [US$7.5 Million dollars] which my head office are not aware of and
will never be aware of. I have since placed this fund in a SUNDRY
ACCOUNT.As an officer of the bank I cannot be directly linked to this
money, so this informed my contacting you for us to work together so
that you can assist me and receive this fund into your bank account in
your country for us to SHARE.

I am offering you 40% of the total fund, while you keep 60% for me in
your bank account till I join you in your country for the
sharing/investing of my own share of the funds or better still we can go
into a joint partnership venture, I will appreciate it very much.
As soon as I receive your response through this Email
( I will give you more details on how we can
achieve it successfully.

Mr.David Kojo

Anti-fraud resources: