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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms. Esther D. BROWN" <>
Date: Wed, 22 Dec 2021 17:43:26 -0800
Subject: Dear Beloved , Compliments of the day,

Dear Sir,

Greetings from Tripoli, Sartre of Libya,
I'm Lieutenant Ms. Esther D. BROWN (PhD) from Fort Bragg, NC 28310
USA. And I work with the U.S Fort Bragg Battalion Squad herein
Tripoli, Sartre of Libya.

I write to seek your friendly permission to manage an investment funds
deposit of ($24,000.000.00) Twenty-four Million United States Dollars
for me in the United States or in your country of resident.

Can you receive these funds and help me to invest them in any fast
growing business venture of your expertise profession? I wait upon
your reply to my e-mail address below;

Thanks in anticipation,
Lieutenant Ms. Esther D. BROWN.
E-mail :
E-mails for Hangout:

Anti-fraud resources: