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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Lawrence Armstrong" <>
Date: Fri, 24 Dec 2021 07:00:58 -0800
Subject: [SPAM] Contact Denise.

Dear beneficiary,

The US Secretary of State announced Monday that Federal Government in collaboration with United Nations Government approved a mortgage relief plan. The Government will use about $897 billion in Federal money to help people who fell behind on their mortgage payments during the pandemic.

The program will pay past due housing payments in full, up to a maximum of $750,000 has been allocated for you. The money would go directly to your bank or mortgage servicers if you wish.

You are eligible because you own and occupy one property and make at or below 100% of your area median income. The program covers single-family homes, condos, small business entrepreneur and manufactured homes. Owners are believed to have faced a pandemic-related financial hardship after Jan. 21, 2020. You are required to send the details below to this email contact details.

Name: Mr. Denise Powell

Full name:
Country of origin:
Tel No:

Please contact Denise Powell for claim.

Yours truly,
Mr. Lawrence Armstrong
For Management.
* This e-mail message and any attachments are intended only for the recipient. If you are not the intended recipient, delete this email from your system and notify the sender. Disclosing, copying, distributing or taking any action on the contents of this information is strictly prohibited.
* Employees of Commercial Bank of Ethiopia are expressly required not to make defamatory statements and not to infringe or authorize any infringement of copyright or any other legal right by email communications.
12/24/21, Commercial Bank of Ethiopia, Gambia Street, Addis Ababa , Ethiopia,

Anti-fraud resources: