fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Peter Parker " <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 25 Dec 2021 03:14:15 +0800
Subject: Your Overdue Grant Compensation
Dear Beneficiary ,
Congratulations , You have a grant of US$650,000.00 from
the United Nations , Compensation due to past scam victims and due to
Covid-19 pandemic .
Release of grant by telex online transfer , You will be required
to release the online access of your bank details to be linked to the
payment gateway for effective transfer , Either you keep account at
zero balance or you will be informed of the new bank that you open .
at this process we take care of all charges .
option 2 .
we can get the funds into an ATM card to your name but you will
have to take care of the delivery charges only .
You are required to reconfirm your full details and send scan copy of
your identity .
Congratulations once more !!!
Peter Parker .